Document Type : Original Article
School of Medicine, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran
Anesthesiology Research Center, Velayat University Hosbital, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran
Department of Biostatistics, School of Medicine, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran
Department of General Surgery, Velayat University Hospital, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran
Background and aim: Bacterial infection and antibiotic resistance of their etiologic agents are among the most critical challenges facing the burn units. Updated information of bacterial agents causing infection and their resistance patterns has an essential role in the control and empirical treatment of burn infections. This study aims to determine the frequency of bacterial colonization in burn wounds.
Material and methods: The research designed as a descriptive-cross sectional study. Of two years, 84 patients hospitalized in a burn center in Rasht from September 2013 - September 2015 have examined. To determine the antimicrobial susceptibility of the isolates disc diffusion method or Kirby - Bauer were used. For this, we used common antibiotics in the treatment of burn infections, all of which were made by Haymdya Company. Data were analyzed using SPSS Ver16.
Results: The mean age of the patients was 40.72 ± 21.06 years. In this study, 64.3% and 35.7% of patients were male and female. Pseudomonas Aeruginosa (68.6%) was the most common microorganisms that cause infection and then was placed Klibsella (15.7%) and Proteus (10.7%). Most antibiotic resistance was Sulfamethoxazole, Cefotaxime, Ceftazidime, and Cefalexine; on the other hand, most antibiotic sensitivities include Ciprofloxacin, Piperacillin, and Tetracycline.
Conclusion: The results showed that bacteria such as Pseudomonas Aeruginosa, Klebsiella, and Proteus bacteria are common in the Velayat burn center. The main problem is the proper use of diagnostic techniques and drug therapies, especially antibiotics, may also reduce the risk of nosocomial infection.