COVID-19 in Pediatric Patients: A Literature Review

Document Type : Review Article

Authors

1 Department of Health Promotion, Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, OK, USA

2 School of Dentistry, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

3 Department of Pediatrics, School of Dentistry, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

Abstract

This article aims to review the features of COVID-19 in children and whatever dentists need to perform to protect themselves, their young patients, and staff. A new form of coronavirus infection occurred in Wuhan, China, in mid-December 2019, and it has quickly spread to almost the whole world. Although COVID-19 was primarily more common among adults over 15 years old at the initial steps of the outbreak, and the percentage of children's confirmed cases was fairly low, the new guidelines show that all people, including children, are typically vulnerable to SARS-CoV-2. Also, we should take patients' behaviors and reactions to COVID-19 into consideration during this pandemic situation. Since preventing the transmission of SARS CoV-2 to children and transmission from infected children or parents to healthcare professionals are important, infection prevention checklists and all the points that this study prepared should be used by the whole dentists.

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